Repair allows you to improve your lawn without removing the existing turf and or soil. Restoring your lawn can be very labor intensive but not as difficult as removing all of your turf and starting over, it will still require several weekends of work. In this section, different kinds of lawn restorations are described, some of which are essential and others optional. The best time to begin a lawn project is late summer through fall, although adjusting pH and
de-thatching can be done in the spring to prepare for a fall restoration. You will see some improvement in a restored lawn during the season in which you begin, but you will need two or three growing seasons to see dramatic progress. Sounds like a lot of work to me how about you, but what's the alternative? TERRA Ultra..... This amazing product will repair your soil, stabilize Ph and even can be used as a de-thatcher in the fall.
1. Remove Thatch and Weeds
When beginning lawn repair, the first step is to remove any thatch buildup--even low levels that would otherwise be acceptable. Unless you can expose the soil between the old grass plants, any other steps will have slower results. TERRA Ultra when sprayed on your lawn in the fall can be used as a Biological De-thatcher because it generates and accelerates the decomposition of thatch in your lawn. our product contains thatch digesting Bacteria and Enzymes. These, along with naturally occurring soil organisms, breaks down thatch and turn it into valuable humus.
The best time to de-thatch is when your lawn is going dormant, not when it's stressed in the heat of summer. To begin, set the height adjustment on your mower to cut the grass about 1 inch high and mow the entire lawn. Short grass will make de-thatching and surface preparation easier. It will also improve seed germination rates because more seed will make contact with the soil and seedlings will have greater exposure to the sun when they need it.
2. Filling Depressions
While you are de-thatching your lawn, check for bumps and depressions. These may have been caused by poor grading, uneven settling, or the decomposition of buried tree stumps, logs, or roots.
To level small bumps, raise the sod with a sharp spade and remove the necessary amount of soil beneath it. Cut out at least a 2 by 2-foot section of sod. If you lift smaller patches of sod, they will likely dry out and die. While the soil base is exposed, mix in some compost and fertilizer. Water soak the area using a hose and press the sod back into place. Keep the area watered to prevent lawn brownout. Slight depressions can be smoothed over by applying to the surface a combination of topsoil and compost. A wide landscaping rake is the best tool for this job. When handling larger depressions, raise the sod, fill the depression replace the sod and press it in place. Be sure to keep repaired areas moist.
Before beginning any landscape project treating the area with TERRA Ultra (2-3 weeks prior to starting) it will soften and aerate the soil. It will make it much easier to work in the soil because the electrochemical action of TERRA Ultra is capable of dissolving hard-pans, clay and even caliche to form a more granular softer soil condition.
3. Adjust Your Soil's pH
The TERRA Ultra lawn care treatment is absolutely essential in a lawn with high or low pH measurements. Your lawn could have a host of other problems including alkali, hard pan, clay, top crust, and a build-up of chemical salts. Today, the TERRA Ultra lawn care treatment is the best known method used to eliminate these problems, without damaging the lawn, garden or landscaping. Just one application will last for years.
4. Add Nutrients
TERRAfeed is a Liquid Organic Nutrient a combination of amino acids, enzymes, minerals, proteins, macro and micro amino acids, and proteins. TERRAfeed provides lawn and gardens all the nutrients available in fish. When the liquefied fish is mixed with water it is used as a fertilizer for greening your lawn and increase plant growth. TERRAfeed helps to correct soil pH. As you use chemicals, trace minerals are continually being eliminated from the soil. This is due to the fact that chemical fertilizers lack the basic elements needed for lawn health, which allows plants to extract from the soil the necessary elements to allow lawns to grow. Most experts agree that your lawn and plants require from 80 to 120 mineral elements to allow optimum growth. TERRAfeed contains a mixture of over 100 elements, besides the basic 3 (N-P-K). The nutrient rich liquid, TERRAfeed, provides a number of nutrients needed by your lawn due to the excess use of chemicals and bromides.
5. Build Organic Matter and Microbe Numbers
The right dose of fertilizer won't help much if your soil does not contain an adequate population of microbes, you need billions of these microscopic organisms per handful. Microbes not only digest grass clippings, dead grass roots, and stems, but they also make their nutrients available to living grass plants. The electro-chemical action of the manufacturing of TERRA Ultra utilizes 8 essential elements, 7 micro-nutrients, and 63 trace elements. The action of TERRA Ultra in the soil is helped by the addition of certain living amino acid chains that remain dormant in our concentrate and fully revive and multiply in the presence of fresh water. Both hydrogen and nitrogen are formed in the oxygen rich soil, then greatly multiply and enrich this fertile and moisture retentive environment that is created by TERRA Ultra.
6. Aerate Your Lawn
Aeration, also called core cultivation or Aerification, is an important part of any lawn restoration program. It allows grass roots to deeply penetrate the soil, helps fertilizer and organic matter get to roots, allows oxygen to reach the roots, and makes it easier for water to soak into the soil. One application of TERRA Ultra softens and aerates your soil, allowing plant roots to extend deep into the soil of your lawn while making plants stronger. Breaks up hard-pan, reduces clay density and balances the pH level of your soil. Allows water to absorb deep into the soil, saving you money on watering costs and lawn maintenance time.
7. Prepare your lawn and Over seed It
In the North, it is best to over seed is in the summer, although you may also try this in spring. Starting then gives the grass a better chance to germinate, establish, and store food needed for a head-start. In the South, the recommended time to over-seed is spring or early summer. TERRA Ultra increases the organic capacity of worn-out soil while unlocking natural fertility. TERRA Ultra revitalizes dormant fertilizer. Often, soils contain readily available nutrients, but the plants are unable to obtain them. TERRA Ultra provides for proper nutrient absorption and utilization.
If you have a lawn with grass that spreads by stolons (above ground runners), such as Bermuda grass, St. Augustine, zoysia or
buffalo grass, you may introduce new grass plants by inserting plugs rather than seeds.
8. Care for Young Plants
Your work to this point will have been in vain if you don't care for the young grass plants as the seeds germinate and begin to grow. The most critical need is to apply water at least twice a day, assuming no rain. If the soil is allowed to dry out, the seedlings won't germinate or will soon wither and die. After a TERRA Ultra treatment, soils take on a regenerated structural change, accommodating deeper water penetration. This allows for deeper plant root penetration and increased utilization of stored water for long periods of time. Due to the improved water penetration, TERRA Ultra decreases evaporation and run-off resulting in substantial water savings (up to 60%!)